Lit & Links

‘Working on it
Literature and links relevant to the decsription and discussion of lakes, streams and wetlands of Sandy lake and Environs.

Natural Freshwater Lakes and Ponds in New Hampshire: Draft
Nichols, W. F. 2015.NH Natural Heritage Bureau. Includes descriptions of wetland vegetation in relation to lake & pond trophic status

Aquatic vegetation of Nova Scotian lakes differing in acidity and trophic status
Diane S.Srivastava, Cynthia A.Staicer, & Bill Freedman 1995. Aquatic Botany 51: 181-196

Peverill’s Brook – An Atlantic Salmon Conservation Foundation and Adopt-a-Stream Sponsored Project
“At Peverill’s Brook this summer, we measured the area that needed and could be worked on to determine the amount of digger logs we could install. Among all of our other work, this summers crew (2012) managed to install eleven logs along Peverill’s and enhanced one natural rock sill. We divided the stream into a lower and upper section, between which lies marsh lake. These before and after pictures clearly illustrate the narrowing of the channel widths, and when the water is high, how much oxygen gets plunged into the river as pools get dug out for the fish.”

The Canadian Wetland Classification System, 2nd ed.

Methods for evaluating wetland condition #7 Wetlands Classification
U.S. EPA, 2002.

“WALKING THE RIVER” A Citizen’s Guide to Interpreting Water Quality Data
Nova Scotia Salmon Association NSLC Adopt-a-Stream Program April 2014 Version

The effects of land use changes on water quality of urban lakes in the Halifax-Dartmouth region: Sandy Lake
Pages from Paul Mandel, MSc thesis, Dalhousie University, 1994

Principles and Guidelines for Ecological Restoration in Canada’s Protected Natural Areas
National Parks Directorate, Parks Canada Agency Gatineau, Quebec. 2008

Fish Friends 2019 final Report
Sackville Rivers Association

Field guide to algae and other “scums” in ponds, lakes, streams and rivers
Miriam Steinitz Kannan and Nicole Lenca, Northern Kentucky University 2013

Cyanobacteria Presence in Four Lakes in the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), Nova Scotia
Betts, Rebecca A. Dalhousie University Graduate thesis 2018. “The major objective of this project is to assess the presence of cyanobacteria (organisms that can pose serious challenges for drinking water treatment systems), in Halifax water supplies using DNA typing to identify cyanobacteria species. Four lakes in the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), NS, were chosen due to their differing water chemistry. A total of 35 taxa of cyanobacteria and one taxa of unassigned bacteria were detected, of which, 15 genera of cyanobacteria were identified. Of those genera, 11 have been associated with cyanotoxins, which are harmful to humans and animals. Supplementary data showed that two of the four lakes had higher pH, alkalinity, TN, TP and turbidity means than the others, and had detectable cyanotoxins and algal blooms after periods of rain followed by long periods of warm, dry, relatively calm weather. This thesis will provide a foundation for future experiments into lake and cyanotoxin management.”

Lake classification in Nova Scotia from phosphorous loading, transparency and hypolimnetic oxygen consumption
Schwartz, P. Y. and Underwood, J. K. Proc. Nova Scotian Institute of Science 1986. “Three indices of eutrophication are used to compare effects of urbanization on seven headwater lakes near Halifax, Nova Scotia. Annual (1983) inputs of phosphorus were calculated and compared with lake Secchi transparencies and rates of consumption of hypolimnetic oxygen (Thienemann index). Results from transparency and oxygen deficits were similar but implied greater eutrophication than did the phosphorus index. Brief discussion of some inherent problems of each index is included.