Clauses in the CGSB Organic Standard which illustrate General Principles of Disease and Pest Management and Requirements for Inclusion of Substances on the List of Acctable InputsFrom
6. CROP PRODUCTION
6.5 Disease and Pest ManagementFrom
6.5.1 Organic production methods should be aimed at minimizing losses caused by disease and pests through the use of varieties that are well adapted to the environment, balanced rotations and fertilization, biologically active soils, green manure crops, inter-plant associations, among other tactics.
6.5.2 Natural predators of pests should be protected and encouraged by promoting conditions within the enterprise conducive to their establishment and maintenance.
6.5.3 All synthetic pesticides, including fungicides, insecticides, rodenticides or other pesticides are prohibited, except where noted in Appendices A, C and D of this standard.
6.5.4 Application equipment, including but not limited to spray equipment, used for nutrient supplements, disease and/or pest management on the enterprise must be cleaned thoroughly between applications to remove residues of applied substances.
6.5.5 Thermal sterilization of soil and compost is permitted to control disease and pests if alternative methods of soil renewal or rotation are not possible.
11 REQUIREMENTS FOR INCLUSION OF SUBSTANCES ON THE LIST OF ACCEPTABLE INPUTS (PERMITTED SUBSTANCES LIST)
11.2.2 Substances, or other inputs, used in an organic production system for the management of plant diseases, pests and/or weeds shall be:a. essential for the control of a detrimental organism or disease for which no other biological, physical or plant breeding alternatives or management practices are available
b. of plant, animal, microbial or mineral origin, pertaining to the Permitted Substances List (Appendices A to D) of this standard, and may undergo the following processes:
i physical (e.g. mechanical or thermal)
iii. microbial (e.g. composting or digestion)
c. used under conditions that shall not directly, or indirectly, result in the presence of unacceptable product residues on edible plant parts in reference to regulations outlined in par. 1.5
d. manufactured and used in a manner that shall not result in, or contribute to, the detriment or contamination of the agroecosystem and surrounding environment in reference to regulations outlined in par. 1.5
e. products that are not available in sufficient quantities in nature, such as pheromones, or other semiochemicals compounded with synthetic chemicals; such substances will be considered for addition to the Permitted Substances List provided that other criteria within this standard are met.